Are you liable to Tax Audit

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CA Anoop Bhatia - INCOME TAX CONSULTANT- Jaipur
Published at : 28 Oct 2020
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The provisions of section 44AB of the Income Tax Act 1961 pose the requirement of obtaining a tax audit report by an assessee if his turnover / gross receipts or total sales exceed certain limit. This video is an attempt to provide an insight into such requirements of law, the process of tax audit and having a discussion on few important questions pertaining to tax audit which you may face.

It should be noted in the process of a tax audit a practicing Chartered Accountant examines the books of accounts and other relevant documents of the assessee to ascertain compliance of income tax law and thereafter such CA issues a report which is form 3CA + 3CD or 3CB + 3CD (depending on applicability).

It is highly important to note that non-compliance of the tax audit provisions attract penal consequences under section 271B of the Income Tax Act 1961 which may go upto Rs. 1.50 lakh even.

The bare text of section 44AB of the Income Tax is given below for quick reference:

“Audit of accounts of certain persons carrying on business or profession.
44AB. Every person,—
(a) carrying on business shall, if his total sales, turnover or gross receipts, as the case may be, in business exceed or exceeds one crore rupees in any previous year; or
(b) carrying on profession shall, if his gross receipts in profession exceed fifty lakh rupees in any previous year; or
(c) carrying on the business shall, if the profits and gains from the business are deemed to be the profits and gains of such person under section 44AE or section 44BB or section 44BBB, as the case may be, and he has claimed his income to be lower than the profits or gains so deemed to be the profits and gains of his business, as the case may be, in any previous year; or
(d) carrying on the profession shall, if the profits and gains from the profession are deemed to be the profits and gains of such person under section 44ADA and he has claimed such income to be lower than the profits and gains so deemed to be the profits and gains of his profession and his income exceeds the maximum amount which is not chargeable to income-tax in any previous year; or
(e) carrying on the business shall, if the provisions of sub-section (4) of section 44AD are applicable in his case and his income exceeds the maximum amount which is not chargeable to income-tax in any previous year,
get his accounts of such previous year audited by an accountant before the specified date and furnish by that date the report of such audit in the prescribed form duly signed and verified by such accountant and setting forth such particulars as may be prescribed :
Provided that this section shall not apply to the person, who declares profits and gains for the previous year in accordance with the provisions of sub-section (1) of section 44AD and his total sales, turnover or gross receipts, as the case may be, in business does not exceed two crore rupees in such previous year:
Provided further that this section shall not apply to the person, who derives income of the nature referred to in section 44B or section 44BBA, on and from the 1st day of April, 1985 or, as the case may be, the date on which the relevant section came into force, whichever is later :
Provided also that in a case where such person is required by or under any other law to get his accounts audited, it shall be sufficient compliance with the provisions of this section if such person gets the accounts of such business or profession audited under such law before the specified date and furnishes by that date the report of the audit as required under such other law and a further report by an accountant in the form prescribed under this section.
Explanation.—For the purposes of this section,—
(i) "accountant" shall have the same meaning as in the Explanation below sub-section (2) of section 288;
(ii) "specified date", in relation to the accounts of the assessee of the previous year relevant to an assessment year, means the due date for furnishing the return of income under sub-section (1) of section 139.”

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section 44ABtax auditsection 43B

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