New York City Celebrates Its 400th Anniversary

Share this & earn $10
VOA Learning English
Published at : 22 Dec 2020
71415 views
61
1

It is hard to believe that New York City was once a small Dutch settlement. An old document shows that Dutch settlers did, in fact, pay for this land. The document can be seen at the citys South Street Seaport Museum.



Martin Berense is head of the Netherlands National Archives. He says the letter tells about a ship arriving in Amsterdam. The ships operator said, The settlement is going well. And, we bought the island of Manhattan for sixty guilders.



The letter is on loan for New Yorks four hundredth anniversary.



Berendse says the letter tells about the settlement, which became New York.



The museum also has a map of the settlement. Another map shows just how small Manhattan was. That changed when Britain took control. Historian Barry Lewis says the British filled in part of the East River with waste because more land was needed.



BARRY LEWIS: We had only about one hundred thousand people at the beginning of the nineteenth century. By 1875, the population of Manhattan is over one-million people. By 1910, over two million people are living in Manhattan island.



The Brooklyn Bridge was built in eighteen eighty-three so people could move to Long Island, where land was less costly.



Lewis says people crossed the East River by carriage or boat. Or they walked across the bridge. He says New Yorks underground trains led to the development of land in areas far from the center of the city.



Many businesses needed to be in Manhattan. So developers started building up, creating the skyscraper.



BARRY LEWIS: People were afraid it would fall down in the first windstorm. And anyone who had property in the commercial buildings next to it, they were terrified that no one would rent in their buildings because that thing was next door.



But more and more skyscrapers were built. Each one was higher than the next. Lewis says the big reason for so many skyscrapers was money. He says New York was built by investments in land.



That is not why everything was built. Some structures have improved the look of the city. Two examples are the Washington Square Arch and the Guggenheim Museum.



But money is still important on the island that began as a trading century four centuries ago. The area the Dutch settled is now Wall Street, the worlds financial capital. Im Steve Ember.
voalearningspecial

Toxic culture of education: Joshua Katz at TEDxUniversityofAkron

Toxic culture of education: Joshua Katz at TEDxUniversityofAkron

[ASMR] Soothing Scalp, Neck & Shoulder Massage - For Maximum Tingles with relaxing music & hair play

[ASMR] Soothing Scalp, Neck & Shoulder Massage - For Maximum Tingles with relaxing music & hair play

Bushings, why it is very important to install them (2) - Transmission Repair

Bushings, why it is very important to install them (2) - Transmission Repair

Something 'very strange' is occurring amid Europe's second wave of infections

Something 'very strange' is occurring amid Europe's second wave of infections

Activity to Demonstrate the Importance of Roots

Activity to Demonstrate the Importance of Roots

Seventy One is Here! Numberblocks!

Seventy One is Here! Numberblocks!

How to Slim Down | Raw Food Diet

How to Slim Down | Raw Food Diet

The One thing you must do if Charged with a Criminal Offense in Pittsburgh Pennsylvania

The One thing you must do if Charged with a Criminal Offense in Pittsburgh Pennsylvania

The Rise & Fall of The Mall

The Rise & Fall of The Mall

Bills That Could Become Laws if Democrats Win in 2020 | NowThis

Bills That Could Become Laws if Democrats Win in 2020 | NowThis

Brian Crain - A Simple Life (Overhead Camera)

Brian Crain - A Simple Life (Overhead Camera)

PLEASE NIGERIAN YOUTHS DON'T GIVE UP NOW

PLEASE NIGERIAN YOUTHS DON'T GIVE UP NOW

Developing a Research Question

Developing a Research Question

UNLOCK 6 GUIDELINES जारी / क्या खुलेगा और क्या बन्द रहेगा 1 नवंबरसे / सरकारने जारी की अनलॉक 6 गाइडला

UNLOCK 6 GUIDELINES जारी / क्या खुलेगा और क्या बन्द रहेगा 1 नवंबरसे / सरकारने जारी की अनलॉक 6 गाइडला

Ali Atay  - Of (Cover)

Ali Atay - Of (Cover)

No testing procedures in place to assure organic produce is chemical-free, so we tested ourselves

No testing procedures in place to assure organic produce is chemical-free, so we tested ourselves

1967 C10 buffing the patina paint

1967 C10 buffing the patina paint

Nearer, My God, to Thee - André Rieu (live in Maastricht)

Nearer, My God, to Thee - André Rieu (live in Maastricht)

EXTREME MILE HIGH Skill Course! - GTA 5 Funny Moments

EXTREME MILE HIGH Skill Course! - GTA 5 Funny Moments

Настя играет в ресторан

Настя играет в ресторан

Easy Caricature Tutorial Priyanka Chopra

Easy Caricature Tutorial Priyanka Chopra

⏪ The Best of BACKWARDS ⏪ Talking Tom Shorts (Reverse Cartoon)

⏪ The Best of BACKWARDS ⏪ Talking Tom Shorts (Reverse Cartoon)

ONE OK ROCK - The Beginning [Official Music Video]

ONE OK ROCK - The Beginning [Official Music Video]

Randy W Berry (US Ambassador) - Fireside | 30 September 2019

Randy W Berry (US Ambassador) - Fireside | 30 September 2019

Learn to Read | Phonics for Kids | Writing Made Easy

Learn to Read | Phonics for Kids | Writing Made Easy

How to return different types of sidespin serve

How to return different types of sidespin serve

Randall King - "The Problem" (Official Music Video)

Randall King - "The Problem" (Official Music Video)

How To Use KDP Cover Creator (Paperback Series - Part 2)

How To Use KDP Cover Creator (Paperback Series - Part 2)

A Straightforward VALORANT montage

A Straightforward VALORANT montage

WCW: Draining and Decompressing a Chronic Cyst

WCW: Draining and Decompressing a Chronic Cyst

Live to tell   legendado

Live to tell legendado

Resolution - Not Just a Number as Fast As Possible

Resolution - Not Just a Number as Fast As Possible

БОТЫ В STEAM ВЕРСИИ PUBG / Не убивайте игру, Pubg corp. plz...

БОТЫ В STEAM ВЕРСИИ PUBG / Не убивайте игру, Pubg corp. plz...

Testing The World's BLACKEST Paint..(i can't believe this is real)

Testing The World's BLACKEST Paint..(i can't believe this is real)

Minecraft, but we start in The End

Minecraft, but we start in The End

The Ground by Ola Gjeilo

The Ground by Ola Gjeilo

BTS KIM TAEHYUNG 'INNER CHILD' Map Of The Soul One Concert

BTS KIM TAEHYUNG 'INNER CHILD' Map Of The Soul One Concert

The Vitrica Does AOE Slash Damage And Is A Great Stat Stick (Warframe)

The Vitrica Does AOE Slash Damage And Is A Great Stat Stick (Warframe)

ALL CALUM SCOTT Performances on Britain's Got Talent! | Got Talent Global

ALL CALUM SCOTT Performances on Britain's Got Talent! | Got Talent Global

Marty Brown - Every Now and Then

Marty Brown - Every Now and Then

Cournot Competition (n firms and plenty of calculus)

Cournot Competition (n firms and plenty of calculus)

How To: Basics of Espresso's Key Measurements

How To: Basics of Espresso's Key Measurements

Enrique Iglesias - Finally Found You ft. Sammy Adams

Enrique Iglesias - Finally Found You ft. Sammy Adams

Tommy Stinson // "Breathing Room" // Live In-Studio @ 89.3 The Current // 9-12-15

Tommy Stinson // "Breathing Room" // Live In-Studio @ 89.3 The Current // 9-12-15

HOW TO MAKE YOUR BED LOOK LUXURIOUS AND STYLISH EASY | SPRING CLEANING

HOW TO MAKE YOUR BED LOOK LUXURIOUS AND STYLISH EASY | SPRING CLEANING

GOODBYE Playstation!!! // PS4 Update 8.03 Bootloop // {Playstation - 1(800)345-7669}

GOODBYE Playstation!!! // PS4 Update 8.03 Bootloop // {Playstation - 1(800)345-7669}

This $150 Laptop Is Perfect For Emulation! GameCube, Wii, PSP, DreamCast & More!

This $150 Laptop Is Perfect For Emulation! GameCube, Wii, PSP, DreamCast & More!

Pale

Pale

Skillet - This Is the Kingdom [Official Audio]

Skillet - This Is the Kingdom [Official Audio]