The Secrets of Life’s Toughest Material

Share this & earn $10
SciShow
Published at : 25 Oct 2020
92925 views
6223
57

One of the toughest materials known to science is made not by humans, but by nature... and it's inside of oysters.

Hosted by: Stefan Chin

SciShow has a spinoff podcast! It's called SciShow Tangents. Check it out at http://www.scishowtangents.org
----------
Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow
----------
Huge thanks go to the following Patreon supporters for helping us keep SciShow free for everyone forever:

Bd_Tmprd, Harrison Mills, Jeffrey Mckishen, James Knight, Christoph Schwanke, Jacob, Matt Curls, Sam Buck, Christopher R Boucher, Eric Jensen, Lehel Kovacs, Adam Brainard, Greg, Ash, Sam Lutfi, Piya Shedden, KatieMarie Magnone, Scott Satovsky Jr, Charles Southerland, charles george, Alex Hackman, Chris Peters, Kevin Bealer
----------
Looking for SciShow elsewhere on the internet?
Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow
Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow
Tumblr: http://scishow.tumblr.com
Instagram: http://instagram.com/thescishow
----------
Sources:
https://news.umich.edu/cracking-the-mystery-of-natures-toughest-material/
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41427-018-0009-6
https://www.google.com/books/edition/Fundamentals_of_Materials_Science_for_Te/UumaDwAAQBAJ
https://ceramics.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/McKittrick-article.pdf
https://www.e-education.psu.edu/matse81/node/2105
https://newscenter.lbl.gov/2008/11/25/mother-of-pearl-secret-revealed/
https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/evolution/library/01/3/l_013_06.html
http://ams.cstam.org.cn/article/2018/0567-7718-34-1-143.html
https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/journal-of-materials-research/article/platelet-interlocks-are-the-key-to-toughness-and-strength-in-nacre/74323E967B18BF539E91008B98C5A5DC
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-019-12743-z
https://pubs.usgs.gov/gip/19/downloads/Chapter_1/Activities/Magma_elevator.pdf
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5090675/
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41427-018-0009-6#Sec17
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0928493116311997

Image Sources:
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/white-mother-of-pearl-pinctada-maxima-oyster-gm917436656-252399392
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/close-up-image-of-organic-pearl-in-a-shell-gm1133373675-300783030
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/vascular-stent-inside-the-vein-gm517751816-89662509
SciShowscienceHank

An element of Critical Race Theory

An element of Critical Race Theory

How do we ensure that schools reopen safely?

How do we ensure that schools reopen safely?

Shaman chant and ritual performed in the Chamacoco community, Paraguay

Shaman chant and ritual performed in the Chamacoco community, Paraguay

The Pains of Being Pure at Heart - Young Adult Friction - (3 of 10)

The Pains of Being Pure at Heart - Young Adult Friction - (3 of 10)

Sizzla - Good Way's

Sizzla - Good Way's

Numb (Official Video) - Linkin Park

Numb (Official Video) - Linkin Park

Miley Cyrus - When I Look At You (Lyrics) 🎵

Miley Cyrus - When I Look At You (Lyrics) 🎵

How to see opportunities in EVERYTHING // The Obstacle is the Way

How to see opportunities in EVERYTHING // The Obstacle is the Way

sad lofi for late nights

sad lofi for late nights

Short Film - WRONG WAY | cerita tentang masuk perguruan tinggi

Short Film - WRONG WAY | cerita tentang masuk perguruan tinggi

Flagamer mostrando as FANTÁSTICAS PISTAS IMAGINÁRIAS no jogo Generally | Jogos de Corrida Retrô

Flagamer mostrando as FANTÁSTICAS PISTAS IMAGINÁRIAS no jogo Generally | Jogos de Corrida Retrô

How to Get Out of Iron and Bronze Valorant

How to Get Out of Iron and Bronze Valorant

The Professionals 40th anniversary retrospective: Series 1

The Professionals 40th anniversary retrospective: Series 1

Joe's story - Mental health and place of safety experience

Joe's story - Mental health and place of safety experience

SNEAKING UP ON PEOPLE AS AN NPC (PEDESTRIAN)! | GTA 5 THUG LIFE #371

SNEAKING UP ON PEOPLE AS AN NPC (PEDESTRIAN)! | GTA 5 THUG LIFE #371

Jimmy Clewes   Coloring and Embellishing a Bowl Rim

Jimmy Clewes Coloring and Embellishing a Bowl Rim

Russian Countryside August 2018

Russian Countryside August 2018

Карина Столаба – "Million reasons" – нокауты – Голос. Дети 5 сезон

Карина Столаба – "Million reasons" – нокауты – Голос. Дети 5 сезон

🎄Christmas is nearly here!!🎄

🎄Christmas is nearly here!!🎄

Value vs  Place Value

Value vs Place Value

Dusty Springfield-In Private-lyrics version.wmv

Dusty Springfield-In Private-lyrics version.wmv

Trying Dumb WILDLIFE HACKS by 5 MINUTE CRAFTS

Trying Dumb WILDLIFE HACKS by 5 MINUTE CRAFTS

Protein is more Beneficial than you Think

Protein is more Beneficial than you Think

Miguel - Adorn in the Live Lounge

Miguel - Adorn in the Live Lounge

Robert Kiyosaki's 7 Keys To Ridiculous Wealth

Robert Kiyosaki's 7 Keys To Ridiculous Wealth

Ed Lapiz Preaching 2020 💛 Make Money Use That Money To Make More Money Repeat ✅

Ed Lapiz Preaching 2020 💛 Make Money Use That Money To Make More Money Repeat ✅

Case Study Felthouse Vs Bindley

Case Study Felthouse Vs Bindley

'In Order To Live': The global fight against oppression | Yeonmi Park | One Young World

'In Order To Live': The global fight against oppression | Yeonmi Park | One Young World

It Always Paid Off | Jordan Peterson | Best Life Advice

It Always Paid Off | Jordan Peterson | Best Life Advice

Top 10 Descendants Characters

Top 10 Descendants Characters

TRADERS - "Der Weg zum Daytrader" | Trading Doku | Folge 1

TRADERS - "Der Weg zum Daytrader" | Trading Doku | Folge 1

Fact Meaning

Fact Meaning

How to Plan Your Week | The Art of Manliness

How to Plan Your Week | The Art of Manliness

How to Identify a Tree By Leaf, Bark and Fruit | Wood and Lumber Identification for Woodworking

How to Identify a Tree By Leaf, Bark and Fruit | Wood and Lumber Identification for Woodworking

Why Mason Mount is ESSENTIAL To Frank Lampard's Chelsea! w/ Alex Goldberg

Why Mason Mount is ESSENTIAL To Frank Lampard's Chelsea! w/ Alex Goldberg

Malo' - I Believed (Audio + paroles)

Malo' - I Believed (Audio + paroles)

(Some of) The Best of Pete Davidson

(Some of) The Best of Pete Davidson

Amazing PrimaLuna Prologue tube integrated amp vs Yaqin MC10L

Amazing PrimaLuna Prologue tube integrated amp vs Yaqin MC10L

Explaining different emotions in English by Oishy || Commit to memory

Explaining different emotions in English by Oishy || Commit to memory

#371 Kubota LX2610 Tractor Review - 4 Months.THE GOOD AND THE BAD. Why the LX2610 and Not the LX3310

#371 Kubota LX2610 Tractor Review - 4 Months.THE GOOD AND THE BAD. Why the LX2610 and Not the LX3310

Use of instead of & in spite of | How to speak Fluent English | spoken English by Alam

Use of instead of & in spite of | How to speak Fluent English | spoken English by Alam

Ryan Pretend Play Helps Daddy Feel Better!!

Ryan Pretend Play Helps Daddy Feel Better!!

We Don't Care - Rj The Dj ft Meddy & Rayvanny (Official Video)

We Don't Care - Rj The Dj ft Meddy & Rayvanny (Official Video)

House Democrats prepared to defend Michigan election results in Congress

House Democrats prepared to defend Michigan election results in Congress

The Desires - I Wanna Rendezvous With You- 1960  Hull l 733.wmv

The Desires - I Wanna Rendezvous With You- 1960 Hull l 733.wmv

TOP 10 POKER WEBSITES IN INDIA - TOTAL REVIEW & OPINION - IN HINDI

TOP 10 POKER WEBSITES IN INDIA - TOTAL REVIEW & OPINION - IN HINDI

Game of Thrones Jon Snow Charges into Battle (Battle of Bastards)

Game of Thrones Jon Snow Charges into Battle (Battle of Bastards)

Who's the Best Kisser? | Lineup | Cut

Who's the Best Kisser? | Lineup | Cut

Thalassophobia

Thalassophobia